Dementia Information


It is a syndrome – usually of a chronic or progressive nature – that leads to deterioration in cognitive functioning (i.e. the ability to process thought) beyond what might be expected from the usual consequences of biological ageing.​

It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement. Consciousness is not affected. ​

The impairment in cognitive function is commonly accompanied, and occasionally preceded, by changes in mood, emotional control, behaviour, or motivation.​

Dementia results from a variety of diseases and injuries that primarily or secondarily affect the brain, such as Alzheimer’s disease or stroke. ​

Think of it like shortness of breath. Shortness of breath isn’t a condition but is caused by many other factors.​